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Name the drugs that are highly addictive globally and summarize them
According to many healthcare organizations, including “The National Survey on Drug Use and Health”, every year, over millions of Americans face drug and addiction problems. Substance abuse is becoming so common that more than $600 million is invested in healthcare expenses.
Some of the highly addictive drugs are:
One of the most common and highly addictive drugs that come from the coca plant is cocaine. This drug is native to South America and is manufactured in the form of a rock or powder. In stone or rock form, it is known as “crack”.
People consume crack by snorting or smoking it. Cocaine develops feelings of pleasure; however, the effects are short-lived. Cocaine is also responsible for increasing alertness, excitement and alertness.
In America, more than30 million people smoke cigarettes frequently according to a report conducted by NSDUH in 2014. It is a highly addictive drug due to the presence of an active chemical in it. Nicotine can be fatal as it binds the receptors in your body, which decreases the ability of your brain to think usually.
Alcohol is a drug that promotes relaxation, reduces anxiety and also improves the feelings of pleasure. It acts as an anti-depressant. When you consume it, your brain starts releasing endorphins and dopamine, the two chemicals responsible for promoting the feelings of happiness and reducing the sensation of pain.
People who are the regular consumers of alcohol may also experience withdrawal symptoms that can be life-threatening in severe cases.
Methadone is an opioid drug that is mainly popular because it blocks the effects of other opioids and heroin. Although it generally effective and safe if you consume it in the rightly prescribed amount but overdosage can cause severe addiction. It can result in anxiety, irritability, runny nose, trouble sleeping, pain, chills, diarrhoea and vomiting.
Heroin is another highly addictive drug that falls under the category of opioid medications. Heroin can result in severe euphoria, dry mouth, itching, flushing of the skin, cloud thinking and loss of tolerance. Overdosing of heroin may also result in death. Moreover, it also causes kidney diseases, constipation, lung problems, trouble sleeping and liver diseases.
Opioid withdrawal can be extremely uncomfortable.
Cannabis or marijuana is a mind-altering chemical that is even legal in many states in the U.S. It is famous for its medical and many other recreational uses. Cannabis can result in many effects such as severe mood disorders, trouble thinking, feeling high, delusions, hallucinations and even psychosis. It can also alter your senses and in the inability to think correctly. Using it for a long time can also cause nausea, vomiting and difficulty breathing. Moreover, stopping it after using for a long time can result in withdrawal symptoms.
Using these highly addictive drugs results in millions of deaths every year all over the world. Addiction isn’t only a problem, but it is a disease that can become fatal if not appropriately addressed. Many people don’t seek help in case of addiction problems due to the fear that they would be judged. However, addiction can be resolved if you take advice from an expert and seek proper medical attention.