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Your nervous system is the controller of your body. It regulates your breathing and control your muscles and also allows you to sense heat and cold. There are three main nerve kinds in your body that are:
- Autonomic nerves that are responsible for controlling the voluntary and involuntary activities of your body such as your blood pressure, heart rate, temperature regulation and digestion.
- The second nerve in your body is the motor nerve. The motor nerve is responsible for controlling the movement and actions in your body. It passes the information between the brain and spinal cord.
- The next set of nerves are sensory nerves. These nerves are responsible for the feelings of pain, touch and any other sensation that is linked with your skin.
What are the symptoms of nerve damage?
There is a vast range of symptoms that are the indicators of nerve damage. Each sign may be different from each other depending upon the location of the damage. For instance, the damage might be on the nerves of your spinal cord, or it might be on your brain. However, the most common symptoms of nerve damage are:
- Angina, heart attack or any condition where the person is unable to feel any sensation or chest in the pain
- Dry mouth and itchy eyes
- Severe constipation that lasts for more than a week
- Bladder dysfunction
Under severe cases such as the damage of motor nerves, the following symptoms may occur:
- Weakness and inability to move without pain
- Paralysis in severe cases
- Muscle stiffness
Likewise, in case of any damage to the sensory nerve, you may experience:
What are the causes of nerve damage?
Following are the most important causes of nerve damage:
- Autoimmune diseases such as lupus, vasculitis and rheumatoid arthritis are the most common causes of nerve damage.
- People who are suffering from diabetes are also at an increased risk of nerve damage.
- Infections such as Lyme disease, HIV and hepatitis B or C also trigger the condition.
- Cancerous and noncancerous tumours and growths also press nerves and result in nerve damage.
- Abnormal protein in the blood causes bone marrow disorders in people which takes the form of bone cancer which results in nerve damage.
- Inherited disorders are also a cause of nerve damage.
- Other diseases such as kidney disease and liver disease can also result in nerve damage.
Other than these health conditions, some habits result in nerve damage, such as:
- Deficiencies in vitamin B, C, E and niacin may lead to this condition.
- Alcoholism or poor dietary choices can also lead to nerve damage.
- Constant exposure to poisons such as industrial chemicals, lead, or mercury also result in nerve damage.
- A trauma like accidents or sports injuries can severely damage the peripheral nerves.
Problems you may face in case of nerve damage
You may encounter the following issues in case of nerve damage:
- The most common problem you can face during nerve damage is the impossibility to move any part of your body.
- You may also feel burning pain in your leg that remains constant and sometimes even becomes worse and takes the form of sciatica.
- You may also feel clumsier and experience the sensation of a damaged nerve.
- You may find yourself using the washroom frequently.
- It is common to experience intense headaches that are similar to electric shocks.
- You will experience constant sweating.
How to prevent nerve damage?
There is so much you can do to prevent nerve damage. If you have diabetes, then you have more chances to damage your nerve. To prevent it, follow these tips:
- Meal planning plays a vital role in keeping your nerves healthy. Physical activity is also essential, along with a healthy diet.
- If you have diabetes, then you should always check your blood sugar levels. You can check it through a blood glucose meter. You can also get an A1C test or a lab test. By monitoring your sugar level and maintaining it, you can save yourself from nerve damage.
- If you feel any of the symptoms that are linked to nerve damage, then you should get treatment right away.
- If you notice any foot injury or foot pain, then you should get it checked right away. That can be a symptom of nerve damage.
- Be very careful while working out. Some exercises are not safe for all.